TYPE Formula


Let’s introduce the TYPE formula in Excel. This inbuilt function assists you in identifying the type of data contained in a cell.


We use this formula to discern the data type in a cell. This comes in handy when working with large datasets, enabling swift categorization and efficient analysis of different data types.


Here’s the syntax for this formula:



The only parameter for this formula is the ‘value’. The ‘value’ refers to the cell you want to check.


The TYPE formula will return a number representing the data type:

  • Number – 1
  • Text – 2
  • Logical value – 4
  • Error value – 16
  • Array – 64

Usage notes

You’ll find this formula especially helpful when auditing data or debugging a complex workbook. Also, it helps streamline data analysis by categorizing different types of data.


The TYPE formula is available in all versions of Excel.

Example #1

For our first example, let’s use this formula on a numerical value:


If A1 contains a number, the formula will return 1.

Example #2

In our second example, we’ll find the type for a cell with text:


In this scenario, if B1 has a text value, the formula will return 2.

Example #3

Next, let’s check a logical value:


In this case, if C1 contains TRUE or FALSE, this formula will return 4.

Example #4

For our fourth example, let’s see what happens when we apply this formula on an error value:


Here, if D1 contains an error like #N/A, the TYPE formula will return 16.

Example #5

Finally, let’s use this formula on an array:


In this case, the formula will return 64, indicating an array.

Tips and tricks

Remember, this formula can help you streamline your Excel worksheets by allowing you to discern various data types swiftly.


The TYPE formula can’t detect certain types like dates or times, as Excel stores these as numbers.

Common errors and solutions

The TYPE formula requires one argument only. Ensure you’ve included a single cell reference or value in the parentheses.

Best Practices

When using this formula, ensure you understand how Excel categorizes data. This will enable you to interpret the formula’s output correctly.

List of Related functions

Related functions include CELL, ISNUMBER, ISTEXT, ISLOGICAL, and ISERROR, which can provide more specific information about the data type.

Frequently Used with the formulas

You often use this formula with functions like IF for conditional statements depending on the type of data.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What does the TYPE formula return for a date?

Excel stores dates as numbers, so this formula will return 1 for a date.

Q. Can the TYPE formula detect an array?

Yes, it can. If you use this formula on an array, it will return 64.

Q. How can I use the TYPE formula to check the type of a cell?

You can directly refer to the cell within this formula like this: =TYPE(A1), where A1 is the cell you want to check.

Q. What happens if I use the TYPE formula on an empty cell?

If you use this formula on an empty cell, it will return 1, just like it would for a number.

Q. What does the TYPE formula return for logical values?

If you use this formula on a cell containing TRUE or FALSE, it will return 4.

The TYPE formula can be a game-changer for auditing and categorizing data, paving the way for efficient data analysis. Enjoy exploring this versatile tool in Excel!

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