INFO Formula


In the world of Excel, the INFO formula takes on the role of an insightful guide. It retrieves valuable information about your Excel environment, which can be a pivotal tool for data analysis.


The INFO formula serves the purpose of providing insights about your current Excel operating environment. From discovering the current operating system to the number of worksheets in your open workbook, the INFO formula brings these details to your fingertips.


Let’s dive into the syntax of the INFO formula. The structure is quite uncomplicated:


At first glance, it may seem basic. But, believe me, this simple structure houses powerful capabilities.



The INFO formula uses a single parameter, ‘info_type.’ This parameter determines the specific piece of information you wish to extract about your Excel environment.

  • directory: Path of the current directory.
  • numfile: Number of active worksheets.
  • origin: The cell that is in the top, left-most cell visible in the current Excel spreadsheet.
  • osversion: Operating system version.
  • recalc: Returns the recalculation mode – either Automatic or Manual.
  • release: Version of Excel that you are running.
  • system: Name of the operating environment.


The INFO formula, depending on the ‘info_type’ parameter, can return a wide range of outputs, including numeric values, text, and logical values. Each ‘info_type’ has its unique return value.

Usage notes

Remember that the INFO formula is more useful in a macro or VBA code rather than typical worksheet use, as it provides detailed information about the operating environment.


The INFO formula is widely available across most Excel versions, making it a dependable ally when navigating your Excel environment.

Example #1

Now, let’s illustrate its usage with examples.

Let’s say we want to find out the current operating system. We’d use:


The output would be the current operating system.

Example #2

To determine the current Excel version, you would use:


Excel then returns the release version you’re using.

Example #3

To find the total number of worksheets in your open workbook, you’d apply:


This returns the number of open worksheets.

Example #4

If you want to know the current user’s directory path, implement:


This will display the path of the current user directory.

Tips and tricks

To boost the efficiency of your spreadsheet calculations, you can cleverly combine the INFO formula with other Excel formulas to craft custom outputs. As an example, consider pairing it with the IF formula. Doing so allows you to display custom messages based on the environment details, which in turn enhances your data analysis capabilities.


Like most things, the INFO formula does come with its own set of limitations. For instance, it’s worth noting that certain ‘info_type’ parameters are compatible only with Excel for Windows. Sadly, these parameters won’t work on other platforms.

Common errors and solutions

Common errors do occur while using the INFO formula, and the most typical one involves the usage of an invalid ‘info_type’ parameter. To avoid this pitfall, always ensure you’re selecting a valid parameter according to the Excel functions list.

Best Practices

When it comes to best practices with the INFO formula, there’s one golden rule that stands out. Make sure to enclose your ‘info_type’ parameters within double quotes. This simple practice guarantees accuracy and helps ward off unexpected errors.

List of Related functions

If you’re seeking to further enhance your data analysis skill set, you’ll find it quite beneficial to use the INFO formula alongside other Excel functions. Functions like CELL, ISNUMBER, and ISERR can be great companions for INFO, enabling you to scrutinize and manage your data more effectively.

Frequently Used with the formulas

INFO is not a lone ranger. It frequently works hand in hand with the IF formula. This combination aids in creating environment-specific outputs, thereby adding a new dimension to your Excel calculator functionality. The potential of INFO in improving your data analysis process is truly impressive.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Can I use the INFO formula in Excel for Mac?

Certainly, you can use the INFO formula in Excel for Mac. However, it’s important to note that not all ‘info_type’ parameters will work. In fact, some parameters are specifically designed for Excel on Windows.

Q. Can I use the INFO formula to retrieve information about another user’s Excel environment?

Unfortunately, you cannot. The INFO formula is specifically designed to retrieve information about the current user’s Excel environment only.

Q. How can I remember all the ‘info_type’ parameters for the INFO formula?

Honestly, there’s no need to memorize all of them. When you need to use a specific parameter, simply refer to the Excel functions list for guidance.

Q. What is a practical application of the INFO formula in everyday Excel use?

In everyday Excel use, applications of the INFO formula might seem limited. Nevertheless, in more complex situations such as troubleshooting or crafting environment-specific outputs, the INFO formula can prove to be quite invaluable.

Q. Can I retrieve the total memory used by Excel using INFO?

Absolutely! By using the ‘memused’ info_type parameter, you can retrieve the total memory used by Excel.

In conclusion, the INFO formula stands as a powerful tool to extract valuable insights about your Excel environment. By dedicating yourself to understanding and applying it effectively, you are sure to elevate your Excel data analysis skills to a new level.

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