N Formula


Starting with the basics, the N formula in Excel is a built-in function that converts non-number data types into numbers.


The purpose of the N formula is to provide a way to transform non-numeric data types, such as dates, booleans, or error types, into numeric values that can be used in calculations.


The syntax for the N formula is quite simple and easy to remember:



The N formula only requires one parameter – ‘value’. This represents the content you’re trying to convert into a number.


The N formula will return a numerical representation of the input ‘value’. If the conversion isn’t possible, it returns 0.

Usage notes

You can use the N formula to facilitate calculations with cells containing non-number data types. By converting these to numbers, you can perform a wider range of operations on your data.


The N formula is available across all versions of Excel, which makes it a universally accessible tool.

Example #1

For our first example, let’s assume cell A1 contains the boolean value TRUE. By using the formula:


The formula returns 1 because Excel represents TRUE as 1.

Example #2

In our second example, let’s assume cell B1 contains the date ‘1/1/2023’. The N formula:


will return 44379, which is Excel’s numeric representation for the date ‘1/1/2023’.

Example #3

Let’s assume cell C1 contains the text ‘Excel’. When we apply the N formula:


The formula will return 0, because ‘Excel’ is a text string that cannot be converted to a number.

Example #4

In our fourth example, let’s assume cell D1 contains the error type #DIV/0!. The N formula:


will return 0 because Excel cannot convert error types into a numeric format.

Example #5

Finally, if we have an empty cell E1, and we apply this formula:


The formula will return 0 since an empty cell doesn’t have a numeric representation.

Tips and tricks

To increase the utility of this formula, combine it with other Excel formulas to create more complex data transformations.


Remember, this formula can only convert booleans, dates, and error types into numbers. It cannot convert text into numbers.

Common errors and solutions

A common mistake is attempting to convert text into a number with this formula. This will simply return 0.

Best Practices

The best way to use this formula effectively is to understand its limitations and pair it with other formulas to create robust data analysis tools.

List of Related functions

This formula is related to other Excel functions like VALUE, NUMBERVALUE, and T.

Frequently Used with the formulas

This formula often gets combined with IF, SUM, and AVERAGE functions for more comprehensive data analysis.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Can I convert text to numbers using the N formula?

No, this formula will return 0 when used on a cell containing text.

Q. How can I convert a boolean to a number using the N formula?

Just input the cell reference containing the boolean into this formula. TRUE will convert to 1 and FALSE will convert to 0.

Q. Does the N formula handle error types?

Yes, this formula will return 0 when used on a cell containing an error type.

Q. What is the numeric representation of a date in Excel?

Excel represents dates as the number of days since January 1, 1900. So the date ‘1/1/2023’ is represented as 44379.

Q. Can I use this function with other Excel formulas?

Yes, you can combine this function with other formulas to create complex data transformations and analyses.

There you have it, a comprehensive guide on the N formula in Excel. Remember, when used strategically, the N formula can enhance your data analysis capabilities!

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