RIGHT Formula


The RIGHT formula, an instrumental part of advanced Excel functions for data analysis, is a function designed to extract a specified number of characters from a text string starting from the right side.


The RIGHT formula comes into play when you need to isolate specific portions of a text string. It’s one of the useful Excel formulas widely used for text data manipulation, paving the way for deeper data analysis.


The syntax for the RIGHT formula is:

RIGHT(text, [num_chars])


The RIGHT formula needs two parameters:

  1. Text: This is the text string from which you want to extract characters.
  2. Num_chars (Optional): This specifies the number of characters to extract from the text string. If omitted, one character will be extracted.


The RIGHT formula provides you with the specified number of characters from the end of a text string.

Usage notes

While the RIGHT formula extracts characters from the end of a text string, you can combine it with other text functions to obtain characters from different positions.


The RIGHT formula is available across all Excel versions, further enhancing your Excel calculator toolset.

Example #1

Let’s take a simple example:

=RIGHT("Excel Formula Help", 4)

This formula returns “Help”.

Example #2

Using cell references with the RIGHT formula:

=RIGHT(A2, 3)

If A2 contains “Spreadsheet Calculator”, the formula returns “tor”.

Example #3

Pairing the RIGHT formula with other functions like LEN:

=RIGHT(A2, LEN(A2)-5)

When A2 contains “Excel Calculation Automatic”, the formula returns “Calculation Automatic”.

Example #4

Here’s an example showing what happens when the number of characters is omitted:

=RIGHT("Excel Functions")

This formula returns “s” because when ‘num_chars’ is not provided, the formula defaults to 1.

Example #5

Using this formula with a number:

=RIGHT(123456, 3)

The formula returns “456”. If the text argument is a number, it is first converted to text.

Tips and tricks

Bear in mind that spaces also count as characters in this formula.


This formula can only extract characters from the right side of the text string.

Common errors and solutions

If you use a negative number for ‘num_chars’, Excel will return a #VALUE! error. Ensure ‘num_chars’ is a positive number.

Best Practices

Make sure the ‘num_chars’ value does not exceed the total number of characters in your text string to prevent getting a shorter output than expected.

List of Related functions

Here are some related Excel functions:

  • LEFT: Extracts a specified number of characters from the left side of a text string.
  • MID: Extracts a specified number of characters from the middle of a text string.
  • LEN: Gives the number of characters in a text string.

Frequently Used with the formulas

This formula often partners with LEN, MID, LEFT, and other text-related functions in diverse data manipulation scenarios.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Can I use numbers with the RIGHT formula?

Yes, you can. But note that Excel will first convert the number to text before processing.

Q. Can I use cell references with the RIGHT formula?

Yes, this formula is compatible with cell references, adding to its versatility.

Q. What happens if I don’t specify ‘num_chars’ in the RIGHT formula?

If ‘num_chars’ is not specified, this formula defaults to extracting one character.

In conclusion, the RIGHT formula is a powerful tool that enhances your Excel data analysis capabilities. With practice, it can be a key function in your Excel arsenal.

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