REPT Formula


When it comes to Excel formulas, the REPT function is a very handy tool. Part of the text function category, REPT plays a pivotal role in data analysis.


The main purpose of the REPT function is to repeat a given text string a specified number of times. It’s one of the most common Excel formulas that allows for repetitive tasks to be handled easily and swiftly.


The syntax of the REPT formula is straightforward:

REPT(text, number_times)


The REPT formula consists of two parameters:

  1. text: The text you want to repeat.
  2. number_times: The number of times you want the text to be repeated.


After processing, the REPT formula returns the text repeated the number of times you’ve specified.

Usage Notes

  1. The REPT formula is case sensitive. Be careful with capital and lowercase letters.
  2. The number_times must be a positive integer.


The REPT function is available across all Excel versions, making it one of the useful Excel formulas available to all users.

Example #1

Let’s start with a basic use of the REPT formula:

=REPT("Hello ", 3)

This formula repeats “Hello ” three times, returning “Hello Hello Hello “.

Example #2

Here’s another example of using REPT:

=REPT("123", 2)

The formula repeats “123” twice to give us “123123”.

Example #3

This example demonstrates how the REPT function handles a single character:

=REPT("A", 5)

The formula repeats “A” five times to result in “AAAAA”.

Example #4

Now, let’s use the REPT formula with a cell reference:

=REPT(A1, 3)

This will repeat the text from cell A1 three times.

Example #5

Let’s now demonstrate REPT usage in a scenario:

=REPT("Tick ", B1)

Suppose cell B1 has the number 5, this formula repeats “Tick ” five times, resulting in “Tick Tick Tick Tick Tick “.

Tips and Tricks

One great trick is to combine REPT with other Excel formulas for data analysis, such as LEN. This opens up even more possibilities for text manipulation.


  1. REPT function can only handle text strings. It can’t manipulate numbers or dates directly.
  2. If number_times is greater than 32767, Excel will return a #VALUE! error.

Common Errors and Solutions

One common error is #VALUE! which happens when number_times is non-numeric or larger than 32767. To avoid this, ensure that the number_times parameter is a numeric value and doesn’t exceed 32767.

Best Practices

Remember to double-check your parameters to avoid errors. Combining REPT with other formulas can help you to perform more advanced Excel functions for data analysis.

List of Related Functions

Some other functions that are frequently used with REPT include: LEN, FIND, SUBSTITUTE, and MID.

Frequently Used with the Formulas

When it comes to data analysis, REPT often works alongside the likes of VLOOKUP, INDEX, MATCH, and IF for powerful Excel formulas.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Can I use REPT to repeat numbers within a cell?

Indeed, you can use REPT to repeat numbers. However, you should be aware that they are treated as text within this formula.

Q. What happens if I use a negative number for number_times?

In the event you use a negative number for number_times, it’s important to note that Excel will return a #VALUE! error.

Q. Can I combine REPT with other functions?

Absolutely! You can certainly combine REPT with other Excel formulas, which in turn helps to perform more complex tasks.

As a concluding note, it’s worth mentioning that the REPT formula is a powerful Excel function that notably allows you to manipulate text data and perform repetitive tasks efficiently. So, with regular practice, it becomes quite feasible to use it to streamline your data analysis process.

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