# YEAR Formula

## Definition

The YEAR formula in Excel is an effective tool used to extract the year from a given date. It’s a part of a group of Date and Time functions that allow you to work with dates and times in your Excel data analysis.

## Purpose

The key purpose of the YEAR Formula in Excel is to obtain the year from a specific date. This comes in handy when you are dealing with data involving dates and you need to carry out analyses based on the year.

## Syntax

The syntax of the YEAR formula is quite straightforward:

```=YEAR(serial_number) ```

## Parameters

The YEAR formula contains one single parameter:

• `serial_number`: This is a mandatory parameter that represents the date from which you want to extract the year.

## Returns

The YEAR formula returns a numeric value representing the year of a given date.

## Usage Notes

Remember, the YEAR Formula in Excel only extracts the year from a given date. It does not modify or change the original date in any way.

## Availability

The YEAR formula is available across all versions of Excel. Its simplicity and usefulness make it one of the most common Excel formulas in use.

## Example #1

Suppose you want to extract the year from the date “2023-06-01” in cell A1:

```=YEAR(A1) ```

This formula will return 2023, which is the year part of the given date.

## Example #2

If your date also contains time like “2023-06-01 08:00:00” in cell A1:

```=YEAR(A1) ```

Excel will ignore the time part and return 2023, which is the year of the given date.

## Example #3

If your date input is not valid like “Hello” in cell A1:

```=YEAR(A1) ```

Excel will return a #VALUE! error, signaling the input is not a valid date.

## Example #4

If you want to concatenate the year result with a string, you can do this:

```="The year is " & YEAR(A1) ```

Suppose A1 contains the date “2023-06-01”. This formula will return “The year is 2023”.

## Tips and Tricks

Remember, Excel stores dates as serial numbers, so the YEAR formula works best with valid dates. The formula considers years from 1900 to 9999 as valid.

## Limitations

The YEAR formula can’t extract the year from a text string that looks like a date. The input must be a valid date.

## Common Errors and Solutions

The most common error is the #VALUE! error, which arises when the input is not a valid date. Always ensure that your input is a date that Excel can recognize.

## Best Practices

Before using the YEAR formula, verify that your date data is indeed stored as dates, not as text. This will help you avoid errors and ensure accurate results.

## Frequently Used with the Formulas

The YEAR Formula in Excel is commonly used with other date-related formulas like `MONTH`, `DAY`, `DATE`, `TODAY`, and `NOW`.

### Q. Can I use the YEAR formula to calculate a person’s age?

Yes, you can subtract the birth year (extracted using the YEAR formula) from the current year (extracted from TODAY’s date using the YEAR formula).

### Q. What happens if I use a future date with the YEAR formula?

The YEAR formula will simply return the year of the future date.

### Q. Can I use a negative date with the YEAR formula?

Excel doesn’t recognize negative dates. It will return a #NUM! error.

### Q. How does the YEAR formula handle leap years?

The YEAR formula only extracts the year from a date. It does not take into account whether the year is a leap year.